The need for waste management and the need for recycling has now led to the birth of a ‘green’ economic model over the last decade.
The circular economy relates to an economic model based on the leasing, re-use, repair and recycling of products, promoting the proper utilization of renewable animal by-products and biodegradable materials by integrating waste into the energy production process.
Differentiating it from recycling, where in the process the product is decomposed into raw materials recovered for reuse in the production of new products, the circular economy defines the certain reassembly and reintegration of the products into the consumer chain from the outset of their production with a view to their intermediate functionality. In fact, if we consider that in 2050 the global population will reach nine to ten billion, we will see the resource poverty that drives this particular linear model to “growth”.
Therefore, the reduction of production of new materials leads to mutually while reducing pollution at all levels. The cyclical model takes precedence over that, according to published surveys by the European Commission for the Protection of the Environment, an EU citizen:
• manages 15t. of Materials
• creates 4.5t. of Waste
Different from the usual “supply, manufacture, waste” production model, the circular economy rejects the linear model and is adopted by conquering the political and economic demarcation of countries globally.
The Ministry of Environment and Energy published in December 2018 the National Strategy for the Cyclical Economy, which is in line with the European strategy. Immediate adoption of policies that will promote the transition to a circular economy is an urgent need and at the same time an opportunity for growth for Greece.
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As Europe has already prepared the ground for this transition with careful planning already having achieved significant results, according to data from the European Commission’s Report on the Implementation of the Action Plan on the Circular Economy, published in March 2019, we can easily talk about development in quality of life and our bio-environmental impact, with the priority being to reduce energy consumption and carbon footprint through smart and sustainable use.
The adoption of the circular economy as an economic and development model defines the beginning of a new era for our environment, consisting of its ambassadors, with the intention of maintaining between material management and recycling as well as a sense of responsibility to society.